The justice system can be challenging to navigate, especially if you don't have a legal background. Because of this, you may believe myths and assume some things when you have trouble with law enforcement agencies. If you're arrested for committing any offense, you may have a tough family, professional, and personal life. You may find it difficult to obtain a job, continue with your education, or even fight for things such as child guardianship. Knowing what criminal law addresses can help you keep away from charges or know the steps to take if you're arrested. If you still don't know what to do, contact a lawyer. They'll fight for your rights and have your charges minimized. Keep reading to learn three things that criminal law covers.
Types of Offenses
Under criminal law, the offenses you can be convicted for are categorized into misdemeanors and felonies. The latter usually attracts serious punishments or fines, while the former is considered a lesser crime. Examples of felony charges include robbery, kidnapping, arson, murder, and rape. Misdemeanors can include vandalism, speeding, intoxicating oneself in public, and trespassing. A lawyer can help you understand the type of crime you're charged with and its implications. They can help you file for a plea bargain if it's severe, so you get a reduced sentence. If it's not so serious, they'll use various defense strategies to get you off the hook.
State and federal regulations outline several rights that defendants have when they've been arrested or searched. When the police arrest you, they should explain your Miranda rights. In the interview room, you have a right to ask for a lawyer and remain silent until one is offered to you. If you're not yet arrested, law enforcement agencies shouldn't search your home or commercial establishment without a valid warrant.
A lawyer can keep police officers in check and protect you from harassment or brutality. They'll ensure that you're only detained if the judge has given consent. They'll also be with you during the interviewing session to protect your rights and ensure the police follow due process.
Types of Punishments
If the court finds you guilty of committing an offense, you'll be sentenced. The punishment you get will depend on the magnitude of your crime and the circumstances surrounding it. Some common punishments you may face include jail time, probation, fines, rehabilitation, and community service. Lawyers understand all these types of punishments and can fight to get a lesser one that will enable you to serve a shorter sentence and go back to your normal lifestyle.
If you're accused of committing an offense, it's important to work with a criminal lawyer. These attorneys will explain all the tenets of the law and how they affect your case, so you're prepared for what's coming.